Synology NAS Systems


To install DSM, browse CD or disk to locate pat file; e.g., DSM_DS111_1944.pat.

Assorted Stuff

Audio Station

Audio Station streams the DiskStation's public music over the Internet for playback on a remote computer. It shares music in the common /music directory, and it can also relay Internet radio streams from radioio and SHOUTcast. It can optionally share music in additional directories and relay radio from additional sources. Each user listens to a personal playback queue that is independent of the queues for other users.

Audio Station is restricted to a subset of the DiskStation's accounts authorized by the system administrator. Authorized users see the Audio Station icon in the Main Menu; non-authorized users do not see this icon.

Audio Station can stream music to a DLNA/UPnP audio renderer on the home network. If can also play music on a USB speaker connected to the DiskStation itself.


To run Audio Station, login to the DiskStation, open the Main Menu, and click on the Audio Station icon. Alternatively, access the Audio Station directly via URL http://domain-name/audio, and login with your usual username and password. (The latter route must be enabled by the administrator.)

The intuitive GUI is easy to use. Browse the music library displayed in the left and middle panes. Use the Actions button in the upper toolbar to add songs to the playback queue, displayed in the right-most pane. Use the right-most pane to play and further adjust the selections in this queue.


Media Server

The Media Server shares the DiskStation's public music, photos, and videos with any DLNA/UPnP media players on the home network. For example, a Samsung TV connected to the home network can play music and display photos stored on the DiskStation.

Start and stop the Media Server from its icon in the Main Menu.

By default, the Media Server shares only the contents of folders /music, /photos, and /videos. Use the Indexing Service to add other folders.

Configure the Media Server from its eponymous application under the main menu.

A running Audio Station appears as a device ("Generic UPnP/DLNA Device") in the Media Station. with the MAC and IP addresses of the DiskStation.

Photo Station

Photo Station shares users' photo albums over the home network, at least, and over the Internet at large, if so configured.

Photo Station supports collections of albums for the DiskStation's patron enterprise as a whole along with personal collections specific to individual users. The difference lies mainly in the URLs addressing the collections. Consider the Flintstone Family DiskStation, for example, with domain; here, "enterprise" signifies the Flintstone family. Visitors access family photos by pointing a web browser to this URL:

Fred (user account fred) keeps a separate album for his prized rock collection. Barney finds it here:

Sensing imminent extinction, Dino (user account dino) shares his portraits of fellow big lizards here:

Note the inclusion of user ids "~fred" and "~dino" in the latter two URLs for personal albums and the absence of a user id in the URL for the enterprise albums. (And note the initial tilde in URLs for personal albums. That's a bit of deep-rooted Unix parlance you've got to live with.) Appointed users manage the enterprise albums, and individual users manage their personal albums. For example, Fred and Wilma together manage the family album, Fred alone manages his rock album, and only Dino manages his lizard album.

An album simply comprises the image files (PNG, JPG, GIF, etc.) in a given directory. Enterprise albums correspond to the sub-directories of /photo, and a user's personal albums correspond to the sub-directories of /home/photo. Each album has a title and a designated cover photo. When a visitor connects to your albums' page, Photo Station displays a synopsis representing each shared album with a thumbnail of the cover labeled by the title.

Each album also grants viewing permission classified as public, private, or password-protected. Public albums: Any visitor connected to the home network can view public albums in their entirety, even if the visitor does not have an account on the DiskStation. And if your DiskStation allows Internet connections, then any denizen of the big blue marble can see your public albums. Private albums: Anonymous visitors do not see any indication at all of private albums. Rather, private albums appear only to authorized guests who first sign in with the username and password set by the albums' manager. The synopsis then additionally displays the private albums shared to that account, but it continues to exclude any hint of forbidden albums. Password-protected albums: The visibility of password-protected albums falls between that of public and private albums. The album synopsis replaces the cover's thumbnail with a "locked" icon but retains the album's title. All visitors thus know the album exists, yet only those providing the password can subsequently see the album's pictures.


Give visitors the URL to your collection's web page, either enterprise or personal, as demonstrated above. For private albums, provide authorized guests with the username and password required for viewing the album (but not for your DiskStation account!). The Sign in link for authorized guests sites in the upper-right corner of the Photo Station page. For password-protected albums, include the password when announcing your album.


Managing an album means populating the image directory, assigning a title and cover, setting access permissions, and making assorted tweaks.

To run Photo Station, login to the DiskStation, open the Main Menu, and look for a Photo-Station icon. If you have a personal album, you will see two such icons, one for the enterprise album and one for your personal album. Your personal album has your user id in the icon's caption (e.g. Photo Station - dino); the enterprise album lacks a user id (i.e. just Photo Station). Click on the icon for the collection you wish to manage. Photo Station opens in a new tab or window. Alternatively, access the Photo Station directly via the collection's URL (as above), and sign in (upper right) with your DiskStation username and password.

In addition to its displayed title, an album has a name locating the folder under /photo or /home/photo containing its images. For example, the Flintstone family album named "pebbles-1000BCE" corresponds to the images in folder /photo/pebbles-1000BCE. Fred's personal album named "quarry" corresponds to folder /home/photo/quarry. It's your choice to have the folder name and album title coincide or differ, but consider keeping the name short and simple. It's easy to change an album's title at any time; not so much for its name.

Manage your albums from the Photo Station web page:


To let a DiskStation user manage files in /public, open CP/User, select the tab "Privileges setup," and adjust the user's account accordingly.

Configure Photo Station from the Settings link in the top-right corner of its web page.

Exit the settings interface via the Photos link in the top-right corner of its web page.

Uninterruptible Power Supply

Configure UPS support via CP/Power; select UPS tab. Click Devices button to view the UPS's charge status and estimated battery time.

Internal Storage

File Server

Reserved folder names: global, home, homes, music, NetBackup, photos, printers, public, satabackup, satashare, surveillance, usbbackup, usbshare, video, web.

Enable User Home Service via CP/User/User Home.

A user's home directories goes under /homes (plural) but gets linked to /home (singular) on login. The home directory is mapped to \\diskstation\home.

LAN Connections

WAN Connections


Attached Storage Media

Internet Access

Download Station